The island of Mindoro was mentioned in some Chinese Chronicles as the land “Ma’I” where Ma’I residents were believed to be trading with merchants from other parts of archipelago and Southeast Asia.

Mindoro became part of Batangas until the early 17th century and became part of Marinduque in June 1902. It was proclaimed a special province in November 1902 unti it became a regular province through Republic Act No.2964 on February 20,1921. On June 13, 1950, by virtue of RA 505, the Mindoro province was separated into Oriental and Occidental Mindoro.

Location,Geography and Climate
Occidental Mindoro is situated along the western part of the island, located south of the province of Batangas in Southern Luzon. On the north, it is bounded by Verde Island Passage, on the west and the south by Mindoro Strait, and on the east by Oriental Mindoro.
The topography of Occidental Mindoro is generally rugged, with narrow strips of coastal lowlands. Its terrain is characterized by successive mountain ranges, valleys, and elongated plateaus, with rolling lands along the coastal region.
The province has two pronounced seasons: the dry season from November to April, and the wet season during the rest of the year. The average annual volume of rainfall is 2,000 mm. Temperature ranges from 30.7 to 16.4 degrees Celsius.

Total Land Area (as of 2006): 587,985 hectares
Alienable and Disposable Land Area: 156,004 hectares
Total Forest Land:  431,981 hectares


Demography (2010)

Population:  452,971

Density (persons per sq. km.):  77

Annual Growth Rate (2000-2010):  1.76

Average Household Size:  4.6


Vital Statistics

Births (2004):  7,854

Marriages (2004):  2,677

Deaths (2004):  1,461

Crude Birth Rate (per 1,000 pop’n, 2010-2015):  30.5

Crude Death Rate (per 1,000 pop’n, 2010-2015):  5.3


Crime (2012)

Crime Volume:  425

Crime Cleared:  292

Crime Solved:  146

Average Monthly Crime Rate:  7.05


Price Indices (2012)

Consumer Price Index:  133.4

Inflation Rate:  2.2

Purchasing Power of Peso:  0.75


Family Income and Expenditure (2009)

Average Annual Family Income:  166,109

Average Annual Family Expenditure:  135,221


Poverty (2009)

Annual Per Capita Poverty Threshold (in PhP):  16,169

Poverty Incidence Among Families (in Percent):  25.4

Magnitude of Poor Families:  23,551

Annual Per Capita Food Threshold (in PhP):  11,348

Subsistence Incidence Among Population (in Percent):  14.8

Magnitude of Subsistence Poor Population:  65,405