The island of Mindoro was mentioned in some Chinese Chronicles as the land “Ma’I” where Ma’I residents were believed to be trading with merchants from other parts of archipelago and Southeast Asia.
The Spaniards visited the island in 1570 and established a settlement in Puerto Galera. The port in Puerto Galera has become an important median for galleons proceeding to and from Mexico. Mindoro became part of Batangas until the early 17th century and became part of Marinduque in June 1902. It was proclaimed a special province in November 1902 untiit became a regular province through Republic Act No.2964 on February 20,1921. On June 13, 1950, by virtue of RA 505, the Mindoro province was separated into Oriental and Occidental Mindoro.
Location,Geography and Climate
Oriental Mindoro is the eastern portion of the island which is about 140 kms southwest of Manila. It is bounded by the Verde Island Passage in the north, Marinduque, Concepcion, Romblon, and tablas strait in the east, Semirara and Antique in the South and Occidental Mindoro in the west.
The province is composed of 14 municipalities and one component city. CalapanCity is the only city and the capital of Oriental Mindoro.
Climate: Oriental Mindoro’s climate favors for vegetable growth all year round. There is no pronounce wet and dry season for the province.
Total Land Area (as of 2006): 436,472 hectares
Alienable and Disposable Land Area: 222,895 has
Total Forest Land: 213,577 has
Density (persons per sq. km.): 185
Annual Growth Rate (2000-2010): 1.43
Average Household Size: 4.6
Births (2004): 13,661
Marriages (2004): 6,232
Deaths (2004): 3,210
Crude Birth Rate (per 1,000 pop’n, 2010-2015): 30.3
Crude Death Rate (per 1,000 pop’n, 2010-2015): 5.2
Crime Volume: 577
Crime Cleared: 374
Crime Solved: 266
Average Monthly Crime Rate: 5.45
Price Indices (2012)
Consumer Price Index: 127.2
Inflation Rate: 2.8
Purchasing Power of Peso: 0.79
Family Income and Expenditure (2009)
Average Annual Family Income: 142,899
Average Annual Family Expenditure: 125,171
Annual Per Capita Poverty Threshold (in PhP): 16,480
Poverty Incidence Among Families (in Percent): 26.0
Magnitude of Poor Families: 45,876
Annual Per Capita Food Threshold (in PhP): 11,546
Subsistence Incidence Among Population (in Percent): 13.3
Magnitude of Subsistence Poor Population: 112,831
Tricycle and jeepneys are the main modes of transportation in Calapan City while several buses, jeeps and shuttle vans are being offered on a regular trip. Habal-Habal or motorcycle are being used as mode of transport in some places.
The establishment of Strong Republic Nautical Highway(SRNH), a road network of 919 kilometers of Manila-Iligan via Dapitan runs along mainland Luzon, Oriental Mindoro, Panay, Negros and Mindanao provided opportunity for the province to interconnect with the major islands of the country via Roll- on- Roll- off (RORO) and fast crafts.
The 129 kilometer road stretch from Calapan City to Roxas, (the gateway to Southern Philippines) and the extension of50.4 kilometers of road from Roxas to Bulalacao passing through the Municipality of Mansalay has been the gateway for Visayas in the past few years.
The National road is connected with the provincial and municipal roads leading to interior barangays which serve as passage of commuters and commodities. There is also circumferential road of 29 kilometers from Bulalacao to San Jose Occidental Mindoro which is the conduit in the mobility of passengers and transport of marine and agricultural products for both provinces. As of 2010, 224.225 kms is concreted, 71.13kms are asphalt while the remaining 32.742 is paved with gravel.
Calapan and Roxas Ports are the two major ports of Oriental Mindoro. Other government ports are located in Pola, BulalacaoandMansalay while PuertoGalera has two ports. Pinamalayan and Bansud each has its own ports. Calapan Port providesvenue for the transport of cargoes and passengers to Metro Manila and other provinces in Luzon via Batangas port, with 32 daily round trips. Said port is equipped with berthing areas for fast craft, conventional and Roll-on Roll-off (RoRo) vessels, passenger terminal shed and a Passenger Terminal Building (PTB) with complete amenities. For out bounded cargoes, rice, banana, fruits, citrus and other agricultural products are handled by the port, as well as inbound cargoes like cement, fertilizers and general commodities.
Four shipping companies, namely: Starlite Ferry Inc., Montenegro Shipping Lines, Besta Shipping Lines, andSupercat Fast Ferry Corporation regularly ply theBatangas – Calapan route and vice-versa.The average travel time from Batangas to Calapan is 2 ½ to 3 hours by RoRo vessel and one hour through fast craft. The average travel time fromBatangas to Puerto Galera takes one hour by motorized banca.
Puerto Galera has four jetty/service ports – Balatero, Muelle, Sabang and Minolo, which serve as docking areas for motorized boats ferrying tourists from Batangas Port. Mansalay and Bulalacao, being the province’s two largest fish-producing municipalities have fish ports linking the province to Occidental Mindoro, Palawan, Antique, Taboron Island, and Semirara Island. Pola Port has an existing operations building and is once utilized for the transport of banana, copra, charcoal to the nearby municipalities and Manila in the past.
Three airports have been established in Oriental Mindoro but are currently non-operational. The Calapan Airportwhich usedmainly for general aviation and is being utilized as a training ground for flying schools based in Manila and to charter private individuals, government officials and investors.
Pinamalayan Airport has been non-operational although equippedwith watch tower, administrative building, concrete runway,fire truck and service vehicle. This facility operates in emergencycases on situations.WasigAirport in Mansalay is non-operationalexceptduring emergency situations.
Tourism Area for Development based on the RDP
• Lake Naujan
• Mount Halcon
• Mangyan Crafts Village and Living Museum